August Rauhut, 1888

Actes/Posen/Gnesen/August Rauhut (Als Deutschenseelsorger in Posen und im Warthegau 1934-1945 Erinnerungen).jpg
August Rauhut
Given names
Birth September 21, 1888

6ème président de la République Française
Jean Casimir-Perier
June 27, 1894 (aged 5 years)

7ème président de la République Française
Félix Faure
January 17, 1895 (aged 6 years)

8ème président de la République Française
Emile Loubet
February 18, 1899 (aged 10 years)

Séparation des Églises et de l’État Française
Loi du 9 décembre 1905 relative à la séparation des Églises et de l’État
December 9, 1905 (aged 17 years)

9ème président de la République Française
Armand Fallières
February 18, 1906 (aged 17 years)

10ème président de la République Française
Raymond Poincaré
February 18, 1913 (aged 24 years)

April 10, 1913 (aged 24 years)
11ème président de la République Française
Paul Deschanel
February 18, 1920 (aged 31 years)

12ème président de la République Française
Alexandre Millerand
September 23, 1920 (aged 32 years)

Parti Communiste Français
Naissance du Parti Communiste Français
December 25, 1920 (aged 32 years)

Note: Congrès de Tours
13ème président de la République Française
Gaston Doumergue
June 13, 1924 (aged 35 years)

14ème président de la République Française
Paul Doumer
June 13, 1931 (aged 42 years)

15ème président de la République Française
Albert Lebrun
May 10, 1932 (aged 43 years)

Front populaire
Victoire du Peuple
May 3, 1936 (aged 47 years)

Guerre civile
Guerre civile d’Espagne
July 17, 1936 (aged 47 years)

Residence September 21, 1939 (aged 51 years)
Seconde Guerre mondiale
from September 3, 1939 to May 8, 1945 (aged 56 years)

Régime politique
Gouvernement de Vichy
July 11, 1940 (aged 51 years)

Régime politique
Gouvernement Provisoire de la République Française
June 2, 1944 (aged 55 years)

Régime politique
IVe République
October 24, 1946 (aged 58 years)

16ème président de la République Française
Vincent Auriol
January 16, 1947 (aged 58 years)

17ème président de la République Française
René Coty
January 16, 1954 (aged 65 years)

Régime politique
Ve République
October 5, 1958 (aged 70 years)

18ème président de la République Française
Charles de Gaulle
January 8, 1959 (aged 70 years)

19ème président de la République Française
Georges Pompidou
June 20, 1969 (aged 80 years)

20ème président de la République Française
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing
May 27, 1974 (aged 85 years)

21ème président de la République Française
François Mitterrand
May 21, 1981 (aged 92 years)


Family with parents
Marriage: before 1888
9 months
Actes/Posen/Gnesen/August Rauhut (Als Deutschenseelsorger in Posen und im Warthegau 1934-1945 Erinnerungen).jpg
Birth: September 21, 1888Dambitsch (Dabecz- Dambecz- Dambsch- Dem, Lissa (Lezno), Posen
Occupation: Pastor
Note ?90. Pastor Rauhut, minister of the Gnesen German Catholic church, on those abducted from Gnesen ?Investigation Dept. for Breaches of International Law with the Supreme Command Gnesen, Sept. 21, 1939 ?of the German Forces ?Present: ?Hurtig, Judge Advocate. ?Pitsch, Military Inspector of Justice. ?Pastor August Rauhut of Gnesen appeared and declared on interrogation: ?R e P e r s o n : My name is August Rauhut, born on Sept. 21, 1888 at Dambitsch, in the district of Lissa, minister of the German Catholic church in Gnesen, former headmaster of the German private grammar school. deputy chairman of the German Catholic Association in Poland, resident at la Poststrasse, Gnesen. R e M a t t e r : With my party of expelled minority Germans, accompanied by two policemen. I was on the road from Wreschen to Stralkowo. On the way we saw Polish troops stationed at the edge of the wood, and as they saw us passing by the threatened to shoot us, particularly me, as minister. But, accompanied by the two policemen, we nevertheless reached Stralkowo. Just before Stralkowo the two policemen obtained three military lorries for the rest of the journey, for which we had to pay heavily. We were supposed to go to Kossow in the Province of Polesie (Pinsk district). After wandering about for several days in the fields and woods between Stralkowo and Powitz, our party of 42 decided to send 3 men to Powitz; this was on Sept. 7, 1939. These 3 men were to request the authorities in Powitz to allow us either to stay in Powitz or to return to Gnesen. The men's names were: (1) Ernst Wiedemeyer of Gnesen, merchant, ?(2) Farmer Derwanz of Przybrodzin, District of Gnesen, ?(3) Myself, August Rauhut. ?We reached Przybrodzin at eleven o'clock and received personal identification papers from the temporary authorities, and permission for us to settle in Przybrodzin. While these formalities were being completed Herr Wiedemeyer and I saw our third companion, Herr Derwanz, together with my former pupil, Lyk, being taken away be the military, apparently to be shot. We did not see Herr Derwanz again, but later heard that he was supposed to have been buried naked in the Protestant cemetery in Powitz. Derwanz was later found and recognised when persons known to me were opening and examining various graves. At 2.30 a.m. Wiedemeyer and I, with our personal identification papers, and having the permission of the authorities, were returning to our party which was in the wood 2 miles away, in order to bring them into the town. Just before we reached them we were overtaken by a noisy band of armed youths, and were taken back by force and threats of death of all sorts, since they said: "You must go back, your identification papers are no longer valid, you will be shot." They wanted to carry out this threat of death several times on the way. We had to keep apart and were ordered not to speak; Wiedemeyer whispered to me: "If you get away with your life, give my love to my wife and children." When we reached the town, the public attitude to us became very threatening and we were frequently insulted and abused, particularly myself. At 4.30 a.m. we arrived at the commissariat, where the commissar, a Polish landed proprietor, made several grievous remarks on the shooting of Derwanz, which act he actually condemned. We sat for about two hours in the waiting room and were again asked for our identification papers, which were shortly after returned to us, whereupon we were taken away to be shot by 3 shabbily uniformed Polish soldiers, amongst whom was a lame invalid, who was armed, and who showed his brutality to me particularly. Wiedemeyer remained behind. When I was in the corridor I was called back to the conference room, where there were a number of youths, amongst them also an elderly chairman of the so-called shooting commission. He accused me of being a gang leader in possession of a short wave wireless set. When I refuted all this, he said that religious work with short-wave wireless sets was a very bad stain on my character. I realised that my fate was sealed. Then I remembered that my ecclesiastical superiors had given me a letter of recommendation to my Bishop in Polesie. I produced this and they were surprised. Meanwhile the local clergyman entered the conference room and said: "I have no authority over him, transfer him to Gnesen to the deacon, Zablcki, who was at the head of the civil council of Gnesen." I then had to leave the conference room and return to the waiting room. Wiedemeyer was no longer there, and I knew what had happened to him. I suspected at all events that he had been shot in the meantime, because the same fate was to be allotted to me. Shortly afterwards the local clergyman called for me and explained that be had assumed full responsibility for me, and that I must spend the night at the presbytery and would be handed over to my superiors in Gnesen on the following day (Friday Sept. 8, 1939), which actually took place. For my own safety as a priest I was accompanied by another priest who happened to be staying in Powitz, and the local chairman of the civil council. We reached Gnesen despite many reproaches and insults levelled at me on the way. The civil council decided, for my own safety, to put me in the "Hospital of the Grey Sisters," and I stayed there until 11.30 a.m. on Monday September 11, 1939, when the German army marched in and I was freed by a German captain. I would point out that on the journey from Powitz to Gnesen, accusations were continually made that I had a short wave set in the stove or stoves in my home, and because of this I had an investigation made by the chairman of the Civil Committee as to the lack of foundation for these accusations. Thereupon he said to me: "Let me tell you that Mr. Wiedemeyer is no longer alive." He asked me not to say anything. On Thursday, Sept. 14, 1939, the new graves in the cemetery in Powitz were opened by civilians, who had been sent by the town of Gnesen, and the bodies of Derwanz as well as of Wiedemeyer were found. Wiedemeyer's body was particularly mutilated and showed, in particular, bloody wounds on the throat. Both men were murdered by the Polish military. ?In addition to these two men, six more people from the neighbourhood of Gnesen were bestially murdered near their homes by armed civilians. Amongst them were Kropf, and his son-in-law Brettschneider. One of the victims had had his stomach cut open and his head crushed. In Gnesen these deeds were talked of with disgust, even amongst the Poles. In my opinion these civilians were armed by the authorities. This took place during my absence from Gnesen. ?Concerning the state of the dead, the grave-digger of the Protestant cemetery was able to give information, but I cannot remember his name at the moment. The expulsion order was handed to me on September 1, 1939, by the district administrator, and I left Gnesen on September 3, 1939. Dictated, approved and signed. ?August Rauhut ?The witness took the oath ?Concluded: ?(signed) H u r t i g (signed) P i t s c h ?Source: WR II ?siehe auch